Windows in which the sashes are hinged at the sides, to swing in or out like a door, are called casement windows. When the windows are 6 or 7 feet high and the sashes are divided into two folds, they are frequently termed "French windows."
Double Hung Windows
The most common type old house wood windows used in this country are Double Hung Windows. There are also several styles of wood double hung windows found in old houses. The double hung window has two sashes, each one-half the height of the window, and each hung with cords and weights or fitted with sash-balances, so as to slide up and down. The essential features of this window are the same in both frame and brick buildings, although the difference in the character of the walls necessitates some variation in the construction of the frames.
Bay windows naturally lend themselves to decorative treatment. With the addition of masonry or brickwork they often assume a massive and bold appearance. When constructed of wood the framework is surmounted usually by a wooden cornice, and the wooden roof is covered with lead, slates or tiles. Whether one wishes it or not, Bay windows always attract attention. For that reason they must be carefully proportioned and attractively detailed. Bay windows should be used judiciously. They may be effective in the design, or they may greatly mar it, according to the skill of the designer. The interior aspect of bay windows is by no means the only consideration, for by reason of their shape and projection they become chief features in the exterior design.
Next to the double hung window, in regard to general use in the old house, comes the casement window or French window. This window has the sashes divided vertically, each being hinged at the sides like a pair of doors. Transoms were frequently, although not necessarily, used with this style of window. Windows in which the sashes are hinged at the sides, to swing in or out like a door, are called Casement Windows. When the windows are 6 or 7 feet high and the sashes are divided into two folds, the sill coming nearly to the floor, they are frequently termed "French windows." The construction of a casement window frame is very much like that of a door frame, the difference being in the arrangement of the wood sill and in the rebate for the sashes. If it is desired to swing the sashes back against the walls, the edge of the frame must be kept out nearly flush with the face of the wall.
Andersen Casement Windows
The Andersen Replacement Window that set the standard for performance and durability is now available prepped for replacement jobs with quick, easy installation and custom sizing to 1/8 inch. The Andersen 400 Series Replacement Casement Window comes pre-drilled with through-the-jamb installation holes allowing for installation from inside or outside the home. The Andersen 400 Series Replacement Casement Window comes pre-drilled with through-the-jamb installation holes allowing for installation from inside or outside the home. Special replacement extension jambs preserve original alignment of trim and paint lines.