ARTS AND CRAFTS FURNITURE-
This is a
furniture style and a movement that emerged in England toward the
end of the 19th century in reaction to the excesses of the
Victorian era and the Gay Nineties. Its craftsmanship has
deliberately simple shapes with exposed joinery and spare
ornamentation. William Morris and John Ruskin were among its
proponents in England.
This American furniture style is
from 1780, following the Revolution, to 1830. It began by echoing the
neoclassical styles of such English masters as Adam, Hepplewhite and
Sheraton. It later took on influences from France. Duncan Phyfe is
among its most notable craftsmen. Federal style furniture is refined and
rectilinear, often with veneering and inlay. Brass feet and casters and
brass-ring drawer and door pulls are common.
Refers to furniture
styles that evolved during the long reign of England's three Georges, I,
II, and III, from 1714 to 1795. Popular motifs were eagles' heads and
claws, leaves, satyrs' masks, and lions' heads and claws.